Effect of Thermal Hydrocracking on the Distribution of Compound-Types in Athabasca Bitumen.

by Canada Centre for Mineral and Energy Technology.

Publisher: s.n in S.l

Written in English
Published: Downloads: 596
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Edition Notes

1

SeriesCANMET report -- 76-32
ContributionsGeorge, A.E., Banerjee, R.C., Smiley, G.T.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL21891553M

Handbook on Theory and Practice of Bitumen Recovery from Athabasca Oil Sands- Volume 1: Theoretical Basis and Volume 2. Industrial practice [Jan Czarnecki, Jacob Masliyah, Zhengue Xu, Marta Dabros] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Handbook on Theory and Practice of Bitumen Recovery from Athabasca Oil Sands- Volume 1: Theoretical Basis and Volume : Marta Dabros Jan Czarnecki, Jacob Masliyah, Zhengue Xu. and coalescence of mesophase during the thermal hydrocracking of Athabasca bitumen vacuum bottoms using hot-stage microscopy. The addition of kaolinite hindered the mes ophase growth rate while the a ddition of illite and montmorillonite did not. The reason for this observed difference was not evident from the data presented. The Athabasca tar sand is a mixture of sand, water, and bitumen, as shown in Figure 4, where the larger sand particles are coated with water and fines which in turn are coated with the bitumen film. The balance of the void volume is filled with connate water, and at times, methane or air is also present. Prominent topographic features in Athabasca West, including the north trending Grosmont High, east trending Wainwright Ridge, and the intervening Southern and Central sub basins, played a major role in controlling the thickness and sand distribution in the McMurray Formation and Wabiskaw Member.

Measurement and Correlation of Viscosity, Density and Gas Solubility for Marguerite Lake Bitumen Saturated with Carbon Dioxide. AOSTRA Journal of Research 1 (1): 51– Mehrotra, A. and Svrcek, W. a. Viscosity, Density and Gas Solubility Data for Oil Sand Bitumens. Part I: Athabasca Bitumen Saturated with CO and C 2 H 6. ATHABASCA WABISKAW-MCMURRAY AREA , and 1 DECISION The Board therefore has both a general and a specific duty to prevent the waste of and effect the conservation of crude bitumen in the oil sands area. Section 16 of the ERCA provides that the Board.   A typical value for Athabasca bitumen is 30% diluent by volume. This means that in every barrel of dil-bit, there are barrels of diluent and barrels of bitumen. (The blend ratio may alternatively be expressed as / or bbl diluent per bbl bitumen.). The relationship between chemical structure and reactivity for thermal hydroprocessing was studied for five gas oils derived from Alberta bitumens. Chemical structure was characterized by combining data from 1 H and 13 C nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, class fractionation, and elemental analysis to calculate structural parameters. Thermal hydrotreating was performed in a continuous.

How do you measure the density of bitumen? The definition of specific gravity than the weight of a certain volume of bitumen in the bitumen by weight of water Hmhjm defined in the specified temperature. Tools needed: pycnometer and Balance. Pycnometer first cleaned and then we weight. With the increasing demand of petroleum-derived products due to the world population and development, upgrading of crude oil with heavier quality and petroleum residues is unavoidable. Hydroprocessing is a preferable process for heavy oil upgrading. The process is operated with the presence of a catalyst, and catalysis plays an important role in the : Ching Thian Tye. National Research Council, Effects of Diluted Bitumen on Crude Oil Transmission Pipelines. The National Academies Press: Washington, DC, 3. Transportation and Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies Appropriations Bill. Senate Report , 4. Figure 1. Infrared spectra of (a) bitumen, and (b) asphaltene extracted from Athabasca oil sands. and oils and pentane-insoluble asphaltenes were also used in experiments. Experiments and methods IR analyses were carried out on: (I) bitumen extract- ed from oil sand and its pentane-soluble and pentane-.

Effect of Thermal Hydrocracking on the Distribution of Compound-Types in Athabasca Bitumen. by Canada Centre for Mineral and Energy Technology. Download PDF EPUB FB2

Thermal cracking of Athabasca bitumen was carried out in an oilsand packed-bed column, in the presence and absence of in situ prepared trimetallic nanocatalysts at a pressure of MPa, residence. Ultradispersed (UD) catalysts enhanced the upgrading of Athabasca bitumen by increasing the hydrogen/carbon ratio and reducing both viscosity and coke formation.

The conversion of bitumen increased with both the temperature and reaction time, whereas viscosity, sulfur, and microcarbon residue (MCR) in the reaction products by: effect of hydrocracking athabasca bitumen on sulphur-type distribution in the naphtha fraction.

study, thermal cracking of Athabasca vacuum residue (AVR) was conducted at different operating. conditions such as residence time, pressure of the reactor unit, stirring rate, and temperature and.

different asphaltenes content in presence and absence of. In this study, three commonly used isoconversional methods, namely: Ozawa–Flynn–Wall (OFW), Kissinger–Akahira–Sunose (KAS), and the advanced non-linear integral method of Vyazovkin (NLN) were employed for the first time for calculating the activation energy for thermal cracking of Athabasca bitumen under inert by: Thermal cracking reactions are also important for the design of bitumen upgrading facilities.

Although rather extensive studies have been made of thermal cracking reactions involving Athabasca bitumen, most studies reported so far are concerned with the chemical Cited by: SAGD is the methods to produce bitumen by reducing oil viscosity so they flow themselves.

To Monitor the location of the steam front is very important to operate SAGD. In time-lapse seismic analysis, amplitude change caused by decrease in velocity and density is widely used to estimate the location of the steam Size: 1MB.

Bitumen composition is correlated with viscosity measurements and the geology of the host rocks. The results obtained indicate that the bitumen is heterogeneous on a reservoir thickness scale and that a close relationship exists between bitumen composition and viscosity, implying bitumen File Size: KB.

BITUMEN CONTENT ESTIMATION OF ATHABASCA OIL SAND FROM BROAD BAND INFRARED REFLECTANCE SPECTRA B. Rivard,1* D. Lyder,2 J. Feng,1 A. Gallie,3 E. Cloutis,4 P. Dougan,5 S. Gonzalez,5 D. Cox6 and M.G. Lipsett7 1. Earth Observation Systems Laboratory, Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6G 2E3File Size: KB.

The effects of sulphiding the CoO MoO 3 /Al 2 O 3 catalyst on the hydrocracking reactions were determined and used to conclude that sulphiding of the catalyst, by the sulphur-rich bitumen, occurred during the initial heat-up period of the by: REACTION MODELS Hydrocracking reactions of bitumen and its fractions have been reported as first order with respect to hydrocarbons, zero order with respect to hydrogen and kinetically controlled in the absence of a catalyst6.

approximately one third of the total hydrogen gas is dissolved in the liquid phase when equal volumes of hydrogen and creosote oil were charged into a batch Figure 1 Product yield distribution for CoO-Moi^/Al^C^ catalysed hydrocracking Cited by: Figure 1.

Pressure sensitivity of Athabasca oil density in the range bara versus temperature Viscosity The intrinsic resistance of a fluid to deformation is called viscosity. Principally shear stress (τ) and shear rate (γ) are proportional to each other by viscosity.

Based on this technique the molar mass of Athabasca bitumen was figured out to ± 2 g/mol. Density Oil density measurement is necessary in order to evaluate and characterize the crude oil. Anton Paar apparatus was used to determine the density of Athabasca bitumen at high temperature and high pressure conditions.

The. Experimental Analyses of Athabasca Bitumen Properties This paper introduces experimental measurement of Athabasca heavy crude oil properties and simulation study in a field conditions. The first. There are two basic requirements for heavy-oil recovery processes: first, mobilize the bitumen, and second, have a drive mechanism deliver the mobilized bitumen to a production wellbore.

In situ combustion has the potential to be an important heavy-oil recovery method. Before design of in situ combustion recovery processes can start, it is necessary as a first step to understand the kinetics Cited by:   Handbook on theory and practice of bitumen recovery from Athabasca Oil Sands Call Number: TN M37 v Syncrude analytical methods manual for bitumen upgrading Call Number: TP B5 S Syncrude analytical methods for oil sand and bitumen processing Call Number: TP S SAGD (Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage) is one of the most effective methods to produce bitumen (Fig.1).

For seismic monitorin g of the steam front and its effect on the formation, it is important to know correctly the properties of oil sands and bitumen.

low sulfur reduction is not surprising, since thermal hydrocracking has a limited contribution to the sulfur conversion of bitumen residue. The important issue that requires further discussion is the continues sulfur reduction as a function of reaction time.

By contrast, the reduction of molecular weight (Figure 4) approaches an asymptotic value. The Athabasca oil sands, also known as the Athabasca tar sands, are large deposits of bitumen or extremely heavy crude oil, located in northeastern Alberta, Canada – roughly centred on the boomtown of Fort oil sands, hosted primarily in the McMurray Formation, consist of a mixture of crude bitumen (a semi-solid rock-like form of crude oil), silica sand, clay minerals, and nates: 57°01′N °39′W / °N.

Feasibility of Partial Upgrading of Athabasca Bitumen Colyar Consultants 12 DilBit and SCO Values • Diluent Price is a Premium over the Light Oil Price • Premium is a Function of Light-Heavy Oil Margin • Premium is Typically 5 –20% • DilBit and SCO Values are Estimated from Valuation ModelFile Size: KB.

distillation, where the partially upgraded bitumen coming from the in situ upgrading reservoir. and the bitumen coming from other reservoirs are fed to the vacuum distillation column. separating them into light hydrocarbons, Vacuum Gas Oil (VGO) and high boiling point.

hydrocarbons (+ °C). The Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering Vol Issue 1. Article. Diffusivity of CO 2, CH 4, C 2 H 6 and N 2 in athabasca bitumen Simant R. Upreti. Department of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB T2N 1N4, Canada.

Search for. Extraction of hydrocarbons from an Athabasca oil sand slurry were conducted using supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO2). The oil sand was slurried to a ratio with water and experiments were conducted using a laboratory-scale batch supercritical fluid extraction (SFE) by: 2.

fractions of petroleum from Athabasca bitumen and other hydrocarbon resources worldwide. These liquid crystal domains have also been shown to transfer from the hydrocarbon-rich phase to the water-rich phase during SAGD production, and primary separation of mined bitumen where their composition is enriched relative to bitumen andFile Size: 7MB.

The relationship between chemical structure and reactivity of alberta bitumens and heavy oils. hydrocarbon extraction of bitumen from Athabasca oilsands.

It has been found that natural zeolite cracking significantly improves the bitumen properties. An average of 80% of liquid hydrocarbon samples recovered from natural zeolite cracked products showed a dramatic decrease in the residuum content, indicating the presence of much lighter.

bitumen. For conventional oil reservoirs, the difference of the effects of oil saturation and water saturation is usually small, but when oil is light and with enough gas dissolved, effect of the oil saturation will show obvious differences from that of water saturation.

In Athabasca oil sands, density of the bitumen is higher. Handbook on Theory and Practice of Bitumen Recovery from Athabasca Oil Sands– Volume 1: Theoretical Basis [Masliyah, Jacob H., Xu, Z., Czarnecki, Jan A.] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

Handbook on Theory and Practice of Bitumen Recovery from Athabasca Oil Sands– Volume 1: Theoretical BasisAuthor: Jacob H. Masliyah, Z. Xu, Jan A. Czarnecki. Bitumen Source and Modification Bitumen is derived from the severe biodegradation of lighter crude oil. Typically the type of source material is the predominant factor determining Chemistry and Character of crude oil.

In the case of bitumen the degree of biodegradation has an equal or even greater impact on Chemistry and Character. Although there is a shortage of light petroleum, there is plenty of heavy petroleum rich in macromolecules available, creating an increasing interest for processes that can convert heavy oils to light oils.

Process Chemistry of Petroleum Macromolecules provides the scientific basis for such processes, presenting methods to determine improvement potential. Enthalpy of Solution Differences Between Chemically Separated Asphaltenes and Physically Separated Asphaltene-Rich Materials in Athabasca Bitumen Zhao, B.; Shaw, J.

M. Composition and Size Distribution of Coherent Nanostructures in Athabasca Bitumen and Maya Crude Oil. Energy & Fuels21, –THE CURRENT STATE OF THE ART of several aspects of asphaltene is presented in this volume. It documents the proceedings of the Internationl Symposium on Asphaltene Particles in Fossil Fuel Exploration, Recovery, Refining and Production Processes sponsored by the Fine particle Society (FPS).Crude bitumen can be found in three main regions in Alberta: Peace River, Athabasca and Cold Lake.

Of these three, the Athabasca deposit is the largest with an areal extent of o square kilometres (Steward and MacCallum, ). The Athabasca deposit has a .